Monday, February 11, 2008

Natural Health Fruit: Pinky Guava

Guava (from Arawak via Spanish guayaba), is a genus of about 100 species of tropical bushes and small plants in the myrtle family Myrtaceae, inhabitant to Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and northern South America. In Urdu they are identified as amrood . The Bengali name peyara and the Tagalog name bayabas are almost certainly local renditions of guayaba.

This natural health fruits are refined in many tropical and subtropical nations for their ripe fruit. a Number of species are grown commercially; Apple Guava (P. guajava) and its cultivars are those most frequently traded globally. Adult trees of most species are literally cold-hardy and can endure as low as 5°C for short periods of time, but younger vegetations will not survive. They are recognized to survive in Northern Pakistan where they can get down to 5°C or lower throughout the night. Guavas are also of attention to home growers in moderate areas, being one of the very not many tropical fruits that can be grown to fruiting size in pots insides.

The guava fruit is suitable for eating, round to pear-shaped, from 3-10 cm in diameter (up to 12 cm in some selected cultivars). This natural health fruit has a thin slight rind, pale green to yellow at ripeness in some species, pink to red in others, a creamy white or orange-salmon flesh with many small hard seeds, and a strong, characteristic aroma that is hard to describe but normally suggestive of refreshing fruit like apples, passionfruit or strawberries, with an inoffensive sharpness and a delicate scent reminiscent of rose petals. Guavas are often considered "superfruits", being tremendously rich in vitamins A, B, and C. A single guava fruit holds more vitamin C than a typical citrus fruit; the rind alone contains over five times more vitamin C than an orange. It also contains high quantity of calcium – which is remarkable in a fruit.

Medicinal Uses For Natural Health

The roots, bark, leaves and young fruits, because of their astringency, are usually employed to halt gastroenteritis, diarrhea and dysentery, during the tropics. Compressed leaves are applied on wounds, ulcers and rheumatic places, and leaves are chewed to relieve toothache. The leaf decoction is taken as a therapy for coughs, throat and chest ailments, gargled to relieve oral ulcers and inflamed gums; and also taken as an emmenagogue and vermifuge, and treatment for leucorrhea. It has been efficient in halting queasiness and diarrhea in cholera patients. It is also applied on skin diseases. A decoction of the new shoots is taken as a febrifuge. The leaf infusion is prescribed in India in cerebral ailments, nephritis and cachexia. An extract is given in epilepsy and chorea and a tincture is rubbed on the spine of children in convulsions. A combined decoction of leaves and bark is given to expel the placenta after childbirth.